Biological and Biomechanical Properties of Chemically Modified SLA Titanium Implants In Vitro and In Vivo

Abstract:

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the interface shear strength and the responses of osteoblast-like cells to titanium implants with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface modified by alkali and heat treatments (SLA-AH). The implants with machined and SLA surface served as controls. Each type of implant was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis. In vitro assays were made using human osteoblast-like cell culture on different surfaces. The rectangle plates were also transcortically implanted into the proximal metaphysis of New Zealand White rabbit tibiae. After 4, 8 and 12 weeks implantation, mechanical and histological assessments were performed to evaluate biomechanical and biological behavior in vivo. By SEM examination, SLA surface combined with AH treatments revealed a macro-rough surface with finely microporous structure. The in vitro assays showed that the SLA-AH surfaces exhibited more extensive cell deposition and improved cell proliferation as compared with controls. Pull-out test demonstrated that the SLA-AH treated implants had a higher mechanical strength than the controls at all interval time after implantation. Histologically, the test implants revealed a significantly greater percentage of bone-implant contact when compared with controls. The results of this study suggest that a useful approach by combined processes could optimize implant surfaces for bone deposition and produce distinct biological surface features.

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 309-311)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo

Pages:

399-402

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.309-311.399

Citation:

Y. B. Feng et al., "Biological and Biomechanical Properties of Chemically Modified SLA Titanium Implants In Vitro and In Vivo", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 399-402, 2006

Online since:

May 2006

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Price:

$35.00

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