Highly oriented hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings were prepared on titanium (Ti) substrates through a radio-frequency thermal plasma spraying method. XRD patterns showed that the HA coating layer had an structure with (00l) preferred crystal orientation. TEM observation showed that 200-800 nm-width prismatic crystals were formed in HA splats and the longitudinal axis of such prismatic crystals oriented vertical to the coating's surface. TEM images also indicate that the interface between prismatic crystals became compacted. SAD pattern show that the longitudinal axis of prismatic crystals corresponds to the <001> axis of HA.