Growth Behaviour of Rat Bone Marrow (RBM) Cells on RF Magnetron Sputtered Hydroxyapatite and Dicalcium Pyrophosphate Coatings
The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic properties of magnetron sputtered dicalcium pyrophosphate (DCPP) and hydroxylapatite (HA) coatings. Therefore, DCPP and HA coatings were deposited on grit-blasted titanium discs. The substrates were used as-prepared or received an additional heat treatment with changed the amorphous coating structure to a crystalline structure. Subsequently, rat bone marrow stromal cells were cultured for 1-24 days on the various substrates. DNA and alkaline phosphatase activity was determined after 1, 3, 5, 8 and 12 days of incubation. Osteocalcin expression was evaluated after 8, 12, 16 and 24 days of incubation. Scanning electron microscopical analysis of cell morphology and coating characteristics was done after 8 and 16 days of incubation. All assays were done in duplicate and in each assay all specimens were present in fourfold. Results demonstrated that the cells did not proliferate and differentiate on all amorphous coatings. SEM revealed that the amorphous coatings showed significant dissolution. On the crystalline DCPP and HA coatings an increase in DNA and alkaline phosphatase activity was seen starting at day 8 of incubation. Osteocalcin expression on the crystalline coatings started to increase at day 16 of incubation. SEM showed that the growth and differentiation of the cells was associated with extensive collage fiber formation and surface mineralization in the form of globular accretions. Further, statistical testing revealed that proliferation and differentiation of the rat bone marrow stromal cells started significantly earlier on the crystalline HA coatings than on the crystalline DCPP coatings. These results demonstrate that the rat bone marrow stromal cells proliferated and differentiated only on crystalline magnetron sputtered DCPP as well as HA coatings, which warrants the further in vivo analysis of the bone healing supporting properties of these coatings.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
J. G.C. Wolke et al., "Growth Behaviour of Rat Bone Marrow (RBM) Cells on RF Magnetron Sputtered Hydroxyapatite and Dicalcium Pyrophosphate Coatings ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 701-704, 2006