A Novel Collagen Sponge for Cartilage Tissue Engineering

Abstract:

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A novel collagen sponge that can protect cell leakage during cell seeding was developed by wrapping all the surfaces except the upside of a collagen sponge with membrane that has pores smaller than cell. The collagen sponge was used for three-dimensional culture of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The cells adhered to the collagen, and proliferated to fill the spaces in the sponge. The cell seeding efficiency was higher than 95%. The MSCs cultured in the collagen sponge in the chondrogenic induction medium supplemented with TGF-β3 and BMP6 expressed genes encoding type II collagen, SOX9 and aggrecan. HE staining indicated the round morphology of differentiated cells and the extracelluler matrices were positively stained by safranin O and toluidine blue. Type II collagen and cartilage proteoglycan were detected by immunostaining with anti-type II collagen and anti-cartilage proteoglycan. These results suggest the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. The collagen sponge facilitated cell seeding and chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs, and will be useful for cartilage tissue engineering.

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 330-332)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu

Pages:

1101-1104

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.330-332.1101

Citation:

G. P. Chen et al., "A Novel Collagen Sponge for Cartilage Tissue Engineering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 1101-1104, 2007

Online since:

February 2007

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Price:

$35.00

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