A Novel Collagen Sponge for Cartilage Tissue Engineering
A novel collagen sponge that can protect cell leakage during cell seeding was developed by wrapping all the surfaces except the upside of a collagen sponge with membrane that has pores smaller than cell. The collagen sponge was used for three-dimensional culture of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The cells adhered to the collagen, and proliferated to fill the spaces in the sponge. The cell seeding efficiency was higher than 95%. The MSCs cultured in the collagen sponge in the chondrogenic induction medium supplemented with TGF-β3 and BMP6 expressed genes encoding type II collagen, SOX9 and aggrecan. HE staining indicated the round morphology of differentiated cells and the extracelluler matrices were positively stained by safranin O and toluidine blue. Type II collagen and cartilage proteoglycan were detected by immunostaining with anti-type II collagen and anti-cartilage proteoglycan. These results suggest the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. The collagen sponge facilitated cell seeding and chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs, and will be useful for cartilage tissue engineering.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
G. P. Chen et al., "A Novel Collagen Sponge for Cartilage Tissue Engineering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 1101-1104, 2007