Crystallinity of Barium Titanate Nanoparticles Synthesized by Sol-Gel Method
We synthesized barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles by sol-gel process and investigated their crystallization behavior using differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. BaTiO3 nanoparticles with various degrees of crystallinity were obtained by adjusting synthesis conditions. Under aging conditions that do not allow dealcholization reaction to complete, many hydroxyl ligands remain in as-synthesized BaTiO3 nanoparticles, resulting in the formation of voids or defects in the nanoparticles after calcination. It is essential to use high concentration alkoxides precursor solutions for producing BaTiO3 nanoparticles with high crystallinity at low temperature.
K. Katayama, K. Kato, T. Takenaka, M. Takata and K. Shinozaki
T. Makino et al., "Crystallinity of Barium Titanate Nanoparticles Synthesized by Sol-Gel Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 350, pp. 31-34, 2007