Microstructure and Bonding Feature of the Bioceramic Composite Coating Obtained by Nd: YAG Laser Cladding
Undesirable phase and microstructure formation, and poor HAP/metal bonding strength restrict the fabrication technique to obtain HAP and other calcium phosphate ceramic coatings. In this paper a bioceramic composite coating, which includes HAP andβ-Ca2P2O7, was obtained by laser cladding with pre-depositing mixed powders of CaHPO4·2H2O and CaCO3 directly on the 316L stainless steel metal substrate. The phases, microstructure and bonding feature of the bioceramic composite coating are characterized by X-ray diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy(SEM-EDS). The microstructure of the coating consists of minute granular HAP that is distributed among the overlapped club-shapedβ-Ca2P2O7. Uniform presences of Ca, P and O in bioceramic composite coating supplie necessary elements for the synthesis of HAP andβ-Ca2P2O7. Diffusions inwards of P and O into alloying layer help form the chemical metallurgical bonding and composition gradient distributions are present. a chemical metallurgical bonding was formed between the bioceramic composite coating and metal substrate.
Guy Daculsi and Pierre Layrolle
Y. C. Wang et al., "Microstructure and Bonding Feature of the Bioceramic Composite Coating Obtained by Nd: YAG Laser Cladding", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 361-363, pp. 697-700, 2008