Low Temperature Sintering Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 Ceramics with Tunable Temperature Coefficient of Dielectric Constant
A middle permittivity dielectrics with the tunable temperature coefficient of dielectric constant (τε) in the BaO-TiO2-Nb2O5 system, Ba3Ti5Nb6O28, has been synthesized and characterized. The dielectric properties of Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 measured at 1MHz are as follows: dielectric constant (εr) ~38, dielectric loss (tanδ)<0.0002, temperature coefficient of dielectric constant (τε)~-22ppm/°C. The Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 phase satisfies the requirements of NP0 (MLCC) dielectrics, but the sintering temperature of the Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 phase (1250~1300°C) is too high to be co-fired with Ag or Cu electrodes. To lower the sintering temperature, an appropriate amount of ZnO-B2O3 frit (5~7wt.%) was added to the Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 phase and dense ceramics were obtained at the sintering temperature lower than 1000°C. Furthermore, the CaNb2O6 phase with the positive τε of 65ppm/°C was incorporated into the Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 phase to adjust the temperature coefficient of dielectric constant from negative to positive(-22~30ppm/°C). Near zero τε ceramics with high εr (38) and low tanδ (0.0002) were obtained at the composition of Ba3Ti5Nb6O28/ CaNb2O6/ ZB frit=76:17:7 wt.%.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
D. Guo et al., "Low Temperature Sintering Ba3Ti5Nb6O28 Ceramics with Tunable Temperature Coefficient of Dielectric Constant", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 170-172, 2008