Preparation and Characterization of Perovskite Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 by a Modified Polymerized Complex Process
Relaxor-based ferroelectrics, 0.65Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.35PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) with a pyrochlore-free phase, was prepared by a modified polymerized complex process. The reactive columbite (MgNb2O6) phase was synthesized by the polymerized complex method at 1050oC for 4 h with 3wt% excess MgO. Lead acetate and tetrebutyl titanate were used to synthesize pyrochlore-free PMN-PT powder via the columbite route, from 800oC to 900oC, in air for 4 h. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were used to detect the perovskite phase evolution and the presence of the pyrochlore phase in PMN-PT. The formation of perovskite PMN-PT is a function of the time and temperature conditions of the precursor calcinations, and an optimum condition for the thermal decomposition of the precursor was determined to avoid the formation of the pyrochlore phase.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
J. Chen et al., "Preparation and Characterization of Perovskite Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 by a Modified Polymerized Complex Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 30-32, 2008