Theoretical Approach to Calculate Surface Chloride Content Cs of Submerged Concrete under Sea Water Laden Environment
The ingress of chloride ions plays a crucial role for service life design of reinforced concrete structures. In view of durability design of concrete structures under marine environment, one of the most essential parameters is the surface chloride content of concrete. With the social and technical backgrounds, the research approach of this study starts with the calculation of the amount of chloride ingredients in normal sea water. The capillary pore structure is modeled by numerical simulation model HYMOSTRUC and it is assumed to be completely saturated by the salt ingredients of seawater. In order to validate this approach, the total chloride content of the mortar and concrete slim disc specimen was measured after the immersion into the artificial sea water solution. Additionally, the theoretical, the experimental and in-situ investigation results of other researchers are compiled and analyzed. Based on this approach, it will follow to calculate the maximum surface chloride content of concrete in the tidal zone, where the environment can be considered as subjected to dry-wetting cycles.
H.S. Lee, I.S. Yoon and M.H. Aliabadi
I. S. Yoon "Theoretical Approach to Calculate Surface Chloride Content Cs of Submerged Concrete under Sea Water Laden Environment", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 385-387, pp. 181-184, 2008