Effect of Template Particle Formation on Texture Development in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 Ceramics
The factor determining texture development was examined for Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 ceramics made by the reactive-templated grain growth process using platelike Bi4Ti3O12 particles as reactive template. Platelike, skeleton Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 particles were formed by the reaction between Bi4Ti3O12 and Na2CO3 in calcined compacts. Coalescence of small grains in the skeleton particles to form single template particles was important to obtain highly textured ceramics.
Kazumi Kato, Tadashi Takenaka, Masasuke Takata and Kazuo Shinozaki
T. Kimura and T. Motohashi, "Effect of Template Particle Formation on Texture Development in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 388, pp. 209-212, 2009