Preliminary In Vitro Biocompatibility of Injectable Calcium Ceramic-Polymer Composite Bone Cement
In the coming decades, the need for reconstructive surgery of bones is predicted to increase with the ageing of the population as well as the increase of injuries needing traumatologic treatments. Therefore, there is still a constant search for tissue engineering and bone substitute materials. Xenografts, synthetic hydroxyapatitite, bioactive glasses and other bone substitutes have widely been studied. When bone defects are filled using bioceramics in granules, their utilization is limited to small size defects, because the injected granules do not give immediate support against the biomechanical loading of the bone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preliminary biomineralization and the compression strength of experimental injectable bone cements modified with calcium ceramics. Our studies have focused on the development of injectable composites of bone cements, i.e. in situ curable resin systems containing impregnated Ca ceramics. The polymerized bone cement composites aspire to simulate as closely as possible the mechanical and structural properties properties of bone. The present compressive strength of our inorganic-organic bone cements are >65 up to ~180 MPa. These cements are slightly porous from their outermost surface and showed preliminarily osteoconductivity of some degree.
Marcelo Prado and Cecília Zavaglia
M. Puska et al., "Preliminary In Vitro Biocompatibility of Injectable Calcium Ceramic-Polymer Composite Bone Cement", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 396-398, pp. 273-276, 2009