The Relationship between Dynamic Components of Cutting Force and Adhesion of Tool-Chip Interface
A new method for evaluation of adhesion in cutting is proposed. Adhesion of chip induces fluctuation in chip flow or stick-slip movement of chip, so that dynamic component of cutting forces depends on the cutting conditions and properties of the work materials. In this investigation continuous turning of a medium carbon steel was carried out and dynamic components of cutting forces are measured by piezoelectric dynamometer. Fluctuation in dynamic force on rake face of the tool is considered at a range of cutting speeds under dry condition and oil-mist lubrication. Surface profiles of machined surfaces and sticking of chip on tool face were also investigated. In cutting of medium carbon steel, the dynamic components below 500Hz increased under the condition of build-up edge (BUE) formation, and gradually decreased as increase of cutting speed. Tool-edge geometry well transferred onto the machined surface when the dynamic components were low level. Smoothness of chip flow on rake face is strongly associated with good surface finish.
Fan Rui, Qiao Lihong, Chen Huawei, Ochi Akio, Usuki Hiroshi and Sekiya Katsuhiko
R. Tezuka et al., "The Relationship between Dynamic Components of Cutting Force and Adhesion of Tool-Chip Interface", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 407-408, pp. 469-472, 2009