Repairing of Degraded Hot Section Parts of Gas Turbines by Cold Spraying
Hot section parts of combined cycle gas turbines are susceptible to degradation due to high temperature creep, crack formation by thermal stress, and high temperature oxidation, etc. Thus, regularly repairing or replacing the hot section parts such as gas turbine blades is inevitable. For this purpose, revolutionary and advanced repair technologies for gas turbines have been developed to enhance reliability of the repaired parts and reduce the maintenance cost of the gas turbines. The cold spraying process, which has been studied as not only a new coating technology but also as a process for obtaining a thick deposition layer, is proposed as a potential repairing solution. The process results in little or no oxidation of the spray materials, so the surfaces stay clean, which in turn enables superior bonding. Since the operating temperature is relatively low, the particles do not melt and the shrinkage on cooling is very low. In this study, the cold spraying conditions were optimized by taking into account the particle kinetic energy and the rebound energy for application in repairing gas turbine blades. A high quality cold-sprayed layer is that which has lowest porosity; thus the spraying parameters were optimized to achieve low-porosity layer, which was verified by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
M.H Aliabadi, S. Abela, S. Baragetti, M. Guagliano and Han-Seung Lee
K. Ogawa and T. Niki, "Repairing of Degraded Hot Section Parts of Gas Turbines by Cold Spraying", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 417-418, pp. 545-548, 2010