X-Ray Image Reconstruction of Solder Joints by Using Several Algebraic Reconstruction Techniques
In this study, several Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART) algorithms are used to construct the 3 D sliced images from several transparent X-ray images. The speed and quality of image reconstruction are two important requirements when doing the inspection in a printed circuit board (PCB) assembly line. . To fulfill the requirements, several methodologies are discussed. The image qualities of regular ART method, binary ART method and Mixed ART method are developed and compared. The binary ART method uses the property of x-ray absorb rate of metal, silicon and other non- metal material are extremely different. The absorb rates of non-metal part are assumed to be zero and metal parts are assumed to be a single value. By using this method the quality of image reconstruction is improved. The mixed ART method is the combination of the tradition ART method and binary ART. Due to the X-ray sensor’s framing time, a method to improve the image reconstruction quality due to effect of X-ray sensor framing time is also discussed. Finally, the best solution algorithm is found to be mixed binary steering ART when consider the signal noise of X-ray detector.
Daizhong Su, Qingbin Zhang and Shifan Zhu
D. Shaw et al., "X-Ray Image Reconstruction of Solder Joints by Using Several Algebraic Reconstruction Techniques", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 419-420, pp. 281-284, 2010