Superoleophobic and Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Microtextured ZnO-Based Surfaces on Si Substrate
Theoretical calculations suggest that creating superoleophobic surfaces would require a surface energy lower than that of any known materials. In the present work, we demonstrate micronanostructured ZnO-based surfaces displaying apparent contact angles (CA) greater than 150, even with hexadecane (surface tension l = 27.5 mN/m). The specific ZnO microtextures were fabricated by a chemical solution method, and fluoroalkylsilane (FAS) was then used to tune the surface wettability. The combination of ZnO microtextures and FAS modification resulted in a superoleophobicity with CA for hexadecane was 154.6 (161.9 for diethylene glycol (l = 45.2 mN/m). This apparent superoleophobic behavior was induced on intrinsically oleophilic materials mainly by topography (i.e. the specific ZnO microtextures), which form a composite surface of air and solid with oil drop sitting partially on air. Such special wetting state is a metastable Cassie state. The results are expected to promote the study on self-cleaning applications, especially in the condition with oil contaminations.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
C. S. Liu et al., "Superoleophobic and Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Microtextured ZnO-Based Surfaces on Si Substrate", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 434-435, pp. 538-541, 2010