Key Factors Effect on Vehicle Braking Performance Based on Nonlinear 3DOF Vehicle Dynamic Model
3DOF nonlinear braking dynamic model considering tire-road adhesion characteristics was established, and non-dimensional equations were gained from the above mathematic models by using braking torque coefficient, front and rear axle equivalent inertia coefficients and braking force distribution coefficient. Based on the numerical calculation in Matlab-Simulink software, the effect of key factors, (including vehicle mass and vehicle gravity center position variation, frontal and rear braking force distribution coefficient, and frontal and rear axle inertial variation caused by driven mode) on vehicle braking performance, such as braking distance and wheel lockup status, was investigated and summarized. Several 3D visualizations of the simulation results show that variation of vehicle center of gravity, vehicle mass, braking moment distribution, wheel equivalent inertia due to driveline, can cause quite complex effect. It can be assumed that the gained results in this study can help to improve vehicle braking performance and enhance braking stability.
L. J. Zhang and R. Wang, "Key Factors Effect on Vehicle Braking Performance Based on Nonlinear 3DOF Vehicle Dynamic Model", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 439-440, pp. 950-955, 2010