A Model of Steel Frame for Simulating Connection Fractures
Following the 1994 Northridge earthquake, widespread damages were discovered in welded steel moment frame buildings. In order to accurately simulate the typical seismic damage of welded steel moment frame structures, a new simplified model is proposed for performing seismic evaluation of welded steel moment frame structures. In this model, the slabs effect is considered, as well as the effects of the slip between slabs and steel beams, deformation of panel zone and connection fractures. Fracture toughness demands were evaluated in terms of the mode I stress intensity factor. The model was employed in simulation of seismic damage of Blue Cross Building which experienced fractured connections in the Northridge earthquake. It indicates that the model can accurately predict the earthquake response of welded steel moment frame structures and estimate the level of damage. The approach proposed in this paper has important meaning to the research on seismic damage of steel frame which may experience fractured connections.
A. Saimoto and M.H. Aliabadi
H. B. Liu et al., "A Model of Steel Frame for Simulating Connection Fractures", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 452-453, pp. 469-472, 2011