Based on the nearly 5,000 building samples investigated on site, damage characteristics of different types of building structures which located in different intensities regions are described and the reasons are analyzed in this paper. Three kinds of structural damage characteristics have been summarized as follows: 1) fortified masonry structures and unfortified ones; 2) masonry buildings with bottom frame; 3) reinforced concrete frame structures. The damage ratio of these three kinds of buildings in different intensities is obtained and the vulnerability has been compared. It provides the reference for those people who work for earthquake engineering to know the earthquake damage of different types of structures with fortified or unfortified. Also it provides important reference for revising seismic design code.