Influence of Surface Modifications on Interfacial Interaction of Zeolite Filled Polymer Composites
Interfacial interaction in zeolite filled polymer composites was investigated in this study. Two types of polymer which are polypropylene (PP) and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) were used as matrix in the preparation of the composites. Moreover, different modifications of zeolite filled polymer composites such as zeolite surface treatment with vinyl silane and alkylammonium and also chemical crosslinking were done to improve the interfacial adhesion between zeolite and polymer matrix. The zeolite filled polymer composites were homogenized using Thermo Haake Polydrive internal mixer and then compression molded into sheets according to standard test specimen. Uniaxial tensile test was performed in order to evaluate the mechanical behavior of the composites. The obtained experimental data for ultimate stress was correlated with Pukanszky theoretical model. The experimental results for all systems of zeolite filled polymer composites showed a good fit to the Pukanszky model. Interfacial interaction for each system of zeolite filled polymer composites was theoretically evaluated by determining the parameter B through this model. The value of parameter B for all zeolite filled polymer composite systems differs significantly from one another thus suggesting the applicability of this Pukanszky model in characterizing the filler-matrix interfacial adhesion.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
N. Zaharri et al., "Influence of Surface Modifications on Interfacial Interaction of Zeolite Filled Polymer Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 320-324, 2011