Mechanical and Physical Properties of Cement-Bonded Perticleboard Made from Tea Residues and Hardboards
The residues of tea factory and waste hardboards are generally incinerated without utilizing their heat performances. The first objective of this study was to manufacture cement bonded particleboard using residues of tea factory (Camellia sinenses L.) and waste hardboards. The second objective was to evaluate modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), internal bonding strength (IB), water absorption (WA) and thickness swelling (TS) properties of the boards produced. The boards were produced at two density levels of 800 and 1200 kg/m3 and at five lignocellulosic mixture ratios of poplar chips/hardboards/tea residues (1/0/0; 1/1/0; 1/0/1; 0/1/0; 0/0/1, based on weigth). All the boards were produced at lignocellulosic material/cement ratio of 1:2.75 on a weight to weight basis. As cement curing accelerators, Al2(SO4)3 and Na2SiO3 were used at ratios of 1.5% and 3.5%, based on cement weight, respectively. The MOR values ranged from 0.8 to 10.99 MPa and MOE values ranged from 254 to 2979 MPa. The mean values of WA and TS after 24 h of water soaking of the cemen bonded particleboards ranged from 28% to 43.5% and 1.3% to 8.08%, respectively.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
H. Yel et al., "Mechanical and Physical Properties of Cement-Bonded Perticleboard Made from Tea Residues and Hardboards", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 572-577, 2011