Responses of PFRP Cantilevered Channel Beams under Tip Point Loads
In this paper, the experimental results on the structural behaviors of the pultruded fiber reinforced plastic (PFRP) cantilevered channel beams under tip point load are presented. The dimensions of the beam specimens are 76 22 6, 102 29 6 and 152 43 10 mm. The span-to-depth ratios of the specimens are in the range of 10 to 46. A total of 36 specimens were tested to investigate the effect of unbraced length of the beam on the behavior of lateral-torsional buckling and buckling load. Then, the obtained buckling loads were compared to the critical buckling loads calculated by using the modified classical beam theory. From the tests, it was found that the beams have linear elastic responses up to 90-95% of their buckling loads. The mode of failure of the specimens is in the form of lateral-torsional buckling. The modified Timoshenko and Gere’s equation unsatisfactorily predicts the critical buckling loads of the beams. Finally, by using a curve fitting, a modification factor was proposed, and the obtained test results and those calculated by the proposed modified equation are in good agreement.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
J. Thumrongvut and S. Seangatith, "Responses of PFRP Cantilevered Channel Beams under Tip Point Loads", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 578-583, 2011