Seismic retrofitting of reinforced concrete (RC) beams by means of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites is one of the state-of-the-art techniques that have been widely practiced lately. Such external strengthening schemes seem to enhance both stiffness and strength of RC beams when subjected to static and cyclic loading. Extensive research investigation has been carried out for beams subjected to monotonic static loading while limited research data is available for beams subjected to cyclic loadings. Therefore, this study is initiated and its aim is to present the results of full scale experimental testing of RC beams under four-point-bending loading and subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading histories up to failure of the specimens. An unstrengthened RC beam was tested monotonically to serve as a bench-mark. The remaining two externally strengthened RC beams with different anchorage schemes were tested under cyclic loading. The strengthening test matrix included beams bonded with a unidirectional CFRP plate that covers 90% of the beam's soffit length, with one or two unidirectional layers of CFRP wraps at anchorage locations along the beam's length. The anchorage locations were at the edges of the CFRP plate and at the middle of the beam's span. The results presented herein show an increase in the overall strength for the strengthened beams over the unstrengthened ones. The different failure modes and the resulting ductility of the tested specimens are also discussed. This study is considered to be the first part of an extensive program that aims to investigate the different parameters that govern the external strengthening techniques of RC beams when subjected to cyclic loading.