In this study, the effects of fiber types on the mechanical properties of lightweight aggregate concretes were investigated. Three types of fibers, namely, polypropylene fiber, steel fiber and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) fiber, and two types of lightweight aggregates, namely, expanded polystyrene and ceramsite were used. The compressive strength and splitting tensile strength of concretes were tested. The results show that both the compressive strength and the splitting tensile strength were improved by adding a reasonable volume of steel fiber and polypropylene fiber into LWAC. The addition of water hyacinth fiber had little effect on the compressive strength of LWAC, while a little increase was observed in the splitting tensile strength.