Effects of Controlled Permeability Formwork on Surface Properties and early Age Shrinkage of Concrete
Concrete durability is one of the most important considerations in the design of new structures in aggressive environments. It generally depends on the quality of the concrete surface and the cracks of concrete. In this paper, the rebound numbers of concrete cast using controlled permeability formwork (CPF) and ordinary steel formwork were determined. And the early age shrinkages of concrete cured in dry environment of 20±2°C, 75±5% RH, in sealed condition with plastic film and in covered condition with CPF liner were measured. Testing results indicated that CPF could improve the concrete surface hardness and reduce the early age shrinkage of concrete. So CPF can enhance concrete durability and prolong its life-span.
Hui Wu, Xiao-Qian Qian, Chong-zhi Li and Fei Li
J. Y. Lai et al., "Effects of Controlled Permeability Formwork on Surface Properties and early Age Shrinkage of Concrete", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 477, pp. 359-365, 2011