Lithium Intercalation Properties of Lithium Tetratitanate Obtained by Nanosheets Process
Lithium intercalation properties of lithium tetratitanate obtained by nanosheets process (NS-LT4) was examined and compared with those of conventional lithium tetratitanate. NS-LT4 was prepared by restacking of tetratitanate nanosheets with LiOH aqueous solution. NS-LT4 exhibited a reversible capacity of approximately 140 mAh g-1, which corresponds to approximately two Li insertions per formula unit. Two Li insertions per formula unit mean that half of the Ti atoms were reduced from a tetravalent state to a trivalent state. The quasi open-circuit voltage of NS-LT4 was comparable with that of conventional lithium tetratitanate, and the voltage change of NS-LT4 as the change in lithium composition was greater than that of conventional lithium tetratitanate. This potential behavior would be caused by the unique stacking structure with stacking fault and random rotation in nanosheet-plane generated during the restacking of nanosheets.
Chazono Hirokazu, Fujihara Shinobu, Katayama Keiichi, Masumoto Hiroshi, Mizoguchi Teruyasu, Osada Minoru, Shinozaki Kazuo and Takeda Hiroaki
S. Suzuki and M. Miyayama, "Lithium Intercalation Properties of Lithium Tetratitanate Obtained by Nanosheets Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 485, pp. 103-106, 2011