The Effect of Carbon Doping on Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4/C Powders Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis
Spherical LiFePO4/C precursor powders were successfully prepared by spray pyrolysis. Various types of organic compounds such as glycolic acid, malic acid, citric acid, fructose and sucrose were used as carbon sources. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the olivine phase was obtained by calcining over 600 °C under an argon (95%)/hydrogen (5%) atmosphere. The particles exhibited a spherical morphology with approximately 1.5 μm. LiFePO4/C cathode derived from sucrose exhibited higher rechargeable capacity and cycle stability. The rechargeable capacity of LiFePO4/C cathode was approximately 154 mAh/g at 1 C. 90% of initial discharge capacity was maintained after 100 cycles.
Chazono Hirokazu, Fujihara Shinobu, Katayama Keiichi, Masumoto Hiroshi, Mizoguchi Teruyasu, Osada Minoru, Shinozaki Kazuo and Takeda Hiroaki
T. Kodera et al., "The Effect of Carbon Doping on Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4/C Powders Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 485, pp. 107-110, 2011