The grinding forces and grinding temperature were measured by using a 3-axis piezoelectric dynamometer and a thermocouple, respectively. The morphology and roughness of the ground surface were analyzed by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a talysurf. It is found that the grinding parameters have great influence on the grinding temperature. Meanwhile, the down grinding has higher temperature than the up grinding. The relation among the grinding temperature, the morphology and the roughness of ground surface was discussed. It is found that when the grinding temperature is not high enough for the ground surface to appear obvious burn, the grinding temperature has little influence on the surface roughness.