The aluminum mesh/plate bumper was designed by improving on AL-Whipple shield, and a series of hypervelocity impact tests were practiced with a two-stage light gas gun facility at Harbin Institute of Technology. Impact velocities of Al-spheres were varied between 3.5km/s and 5km/s. The diameters of projectiles were 3.97mm and 6.35mm respectively. The hypervelocity impact characteristics of 5052 aluminum alloy mesh bumper were studied through hypervelocity impact on aluminum mesh/plate bumpers. The fragmentation and dispersal of hypervelocity particle against mesh bumpers varying with material and specification were analyzed. It was found that the mesh wall position, diameter of wire and separation distance arrangement and mesh opening had high influence on the hypervelocity impact characteristic of aluminum mesh/plate shields. At similar impact velocity, hypervelocity impact characteristics comparison with aluminum sheet bumpers of equal areal mass was thrust. The optimized design idea of aluminum mesh/plate bumpers was suggested.