Calcite Bone Substitute Prepared from Calcium Hydroxide Compact Using Heat-Treatment under Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether calcite blocks with high mechanical property could be obtained for a short period from calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) compact using heat-treatment under carbon dioxide (CO2) atmosphere. The Ca(OH)2 disks compacted with different pressure was heated at different temperature ranging from 200°C to 800°C for an hour under CO2 atmosphere. From the X-ray diffractometry, Ca(OH)2 converted into calcite along with the rise of the heating temperature. Small amount of unreacted Ca(OH)2 remained in samples heated at 600°C whereas samples treated at 800°C converted to calcite with very small amount of calcium oxide. The diametral tensile strength (DTS) value increased with the rise of heating temperature up to 600°C then decreased down to 800°C. Meanwhile, the porosity decreased with the rise of heating temperature up to 600°C then slightly increased up to 800°C. From the scanning electron microscope observation, grains grew bigger along with the rise of heating temperature. Intergranular space between grains decreased from 200°C to 600°C. The highest DTS value (14 MPa±1.3) at 600°C could be the result of lesser intergranular space due to sintering.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
K. Tsuru et al., "Calcite Bone Substitute Prepared from Calcium Hydroxide Compact Using Heat-Treatment under Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 166-169, 2012