Key Engineering Materials
From the early industrial revolution, metal working has been the major driving force for the development of many manufacturing technologies. “Advances in Engineering Plasticity” reports on recent developments in the field of metal forming and plasticity research from both the fundamental science and industrial application perspective.
This work represents a new approach to ceramics research. The mechanical properties of ceramics and ceramic-based composites are well understood and have been studied extensively in the past. This more profound understanding of physical properties, such as particularly low or high thermal conductivities, radiation penetration depth, electrical and magnetic responses etc., can now lead to the development of new materials having improved properties.
Recent research on the creep and fracture of engineering materials is presented, with particular emphasis being placed on: mechanisms of high-temperature deformation and fracture, materials for high-temperature service, the behavior of single and polycrystals, components and structures, grain boundaries and interfaces, and superplasticity.
This book presents the latest research results on conductive ceramics; dielectrics; piezo-electric ceramics; ZnO semiconducting ceramics; insulators; batteries and cells; and memory devices.
Understanding the manner in which damage evolves in engineering materials, systems or structures is currently the focus of extensive research. The object of the present book is to report recent advances in the areas of damage detection, assessment and quantification.
The application of ceramic materials is currently expanding into a wide range of areas, e.g. gas turbine assembly, engine components, electronic devices, bio-materials etc. But because ceramics pose problems with respect to their brittleness and low reliability, due to their intrinsic nature and/or processing defects, research related to the deformation and fracture of ceramics is still a subject of high priority.
High performance materials are needed in many thermomechanical applications, such as advanced jet engines or gas turbines, thermal protection of space planes, thermal engineering and nuclear fusion. Ceramic-matrix composites, reinforced with long fibers, are expected to be the most promising candidates for such applications. However, several key problems will have to be solved in the near future. These problems include, above all, the development of a superior thermomechanical performance and oxidation resistance for ceramic fibers and composites, highly efficient protection against corrosion, better fiber/matrix interface design and performance, and cost effective processing.
A total of 147 peer-reviewed papers were presented during EnCera' 98. The topics covered included: "Modeling of Microstructural Evolution", "Novel Processing", "Advanced Oxide Ceramics", "Advanced Non-oxide Ceramics", "Particulate, Platelet and Whisker Reinforced Composites", "Nanostructured Ceramics and Nanocomposites", "Synergy Ceramics", "Fracture, Deformation and Mechanical Reliability", "Advanced Refractories", and "Joining, FGM and Applications" .
Ceramics have long been recognized as one of the key materials for the 21st century because of their various unique properties which cannot be duplicated by any other existing material.
Electroceramics have long furthered the development of electronics, and underpin modern-day high-technology. The development of electroceramics in Japan has been especially marked: many new electroceramics such as ferrites, varistors and sensors, as well as superior manufacturing technologies have been the result.