Solute Drag and Entropy Production - Two Approaches to the Same Phenomenon
The historical development of the two approaches to the interaction between solute atoms and a migrating interface, based on dissipation of Gibbs energy and on solute drag, are reviewed and compared. In the way the solute drag was formulated long ago for recrystallization and grain growth, it does not apply to phase transformations. With a new solute drag equation, which was recently proposed, it turns out that the two approaches are completely equivalent for phase transformations as well as grain boundary migration.
B. Bacroix, J.H. Driver, R. Le Gall, Cl. Maurice, R. Penelle, H. Réglé and L. Tabourot
M. Hillert "Solute Drag and Entropy Production - Two Approaches to the Same Phenomenon", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 467-470, pp. 3-10, 2004