A Three Dimensional Discrete Dislocation Dynamics Analysis of Cyclic Straining in 316L Stainless Steel
The early stages of the formation of dislocation microstructures in low strain fatigue are analysed,using three-dimensional discrete dislocation dynamics modelling (DDD). A detailed analysis of the simulated microstructures provide a detailed scheme for the persistent slip band formation, emphasizing the crucial role of cross-slip for both the initial strain spreading inside of the grain and for the subsequent strain localization in the form of slip bands. A new ad-hoc posttreatment tool evaluates the surface roughness as the cycles proceed. Slip markings and their evolutions are analysed, in relation to the dislocation microstructure. This dislocation-based study emphasizes the separate contribution of plastic slip in damage nucleation. A simple 1D dislocation based model for work-hardening in crystal plasticity is proposed. In this model, the forest dislocations are responsible for friction stress (isotropic work-hardening), while dislocation pile-ups and dislocation trapped in Persistent Slip Bands (PSB) produce the back stress (kinematic workhardening). The model is consistent with the stress-strain curves obtained in DDD. It is also consistent with the stress-strain curves experimentally obtained for larger imposed strain amplitudes.
C. Déprés et al., "A Three Dimensional Discrete Dislocation Dynamics Analysis of Cyclic Straining in 316L Stainless Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 482, pp. 163-166, 2005