The crystallographic relationship between the g and a phases in samples of the Gibeon meteorite and a TRIP steel was investigated by means of EBSD techniques. The orientations of the two phases were measured and are represented in pole figures. The results are compared to predictions made on the basis of the Bain, Kurdjumov-Sachs (K-S), Nishiyama-Wassermann (NW), Greninger-Troiano (G-T) and Pitsch orientation relationships. The local misorientation between individual fcc and bcc crystals along their common interface was measured to demonstrate the way in which the exact orientation relationship varies along the boundary. The local orientations within lamellae and laths of kamacite and bainite are compared to that in recrystallised ferrite polygons. The occurrence of variant selection during the transformation of deformed austenite is analyzed using a recent dislocation-based model.