Texture and microstructure were investigated after 1 pass equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) of a single crystal cube oriented Ni billet. Neutron and X-ray diffraction were used to determine global and local textures, respectively. EBSD and TEM investigations were also carried out in order to study fine scale microstructural features. Substantial variations in texture and microstructure, resulting from different efficiencies in the shearing process, were locally recorded through the billet height. The deformation was heterogeneous on both micro and macro scales.