Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Mg Alloy after Severe Torsion Straining Process
Grain refinement is attempted using severe plastic deformation (SPD) through the severe torsion straining process (STSP) which we have developed recently. The STSP is a continuous process for grain refinement without requirement of any die. In this study, an AZ61 Mg alloy was subjected to STSP at a temperature of 573 K with a rotation speed of 10 rpm and a moving speed of 200 mm/min. With this process, an initial grain size of ~20 μm was reduced to ~2~3 μm. Room temperature compression tests revealed that there were no cracks after 15% of compression for the STSP sample whereas fracture occurred for a conventionally extruded sample. For compression tests at 473 K, no cracks occurred in the STSP samples after 80% compression but compression was feasible without cracking only up to 20% for an extruded sample. It is shown that the STSP can be useful for grain refinement and ductility improvement of the AZ61 Mg alloy.
Y. Miyahara et al., "Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Mg Alloy after Severe Torsion Straining Process", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 503-504, pp. 949-954, 2006