The laser surface-treatment methods have been quickly developed by appearing of lasers with high power beam and can increase the hardness, of the surface. A very hard, wear-resisting layer can be produced by the dispersing of ceramic grains. The essence of the technology is, that such a material (compound-phase, e.g.: metal-oxide, carbide, nitride, etc.) is added to the surface layer melted by laser, which does not solve or solves only partly in the metal-melt. This work studies the effect of the different technological parameter (such as, power of the laserbeam, motion speed, amount of the ceramic particles etc.) on the different microstructure accrued during the laser surface alloying. The desired microstructure has homogeneous carbide distribution in the matrix. But it is embarrassed by several conditions. The aim of this present work is to find out the reasons for the inhomogeneous ceramic particle distribution inside the matrix and to discover these embarrassing conditions.