This paper studies the main well-know technological types of kaolins clays from the Republic of Cuba and compares it with one from Brazil. A simple description from the Cuban geology and from the involved kaolins deposits is showed. The basic characterization of each kind of kaolin, includes, chemical analyzes, grain size distribution, scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence for chemicals. For special assays it had conformed, by a simple axis hand press up to 5 t, test bodies, which had been burnt to the temperatures of 950, 1250 and 1450°C. These results include refractory and contraction results.