Effect of Solidification Grain Refinement on the Development of Wrought Mg Alloys
A recent trial investigated the effect of solidification grain refinement of billet on the grain refinement and properties of alloy ZM20. It was found that even at levels of 0.4Mn, significant grain refinement could be obtained when 0.7Zr was added. At 0.2Mn grain sizes as low as 60μm were obtained. Billets of Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn with four different grain sizes, due to different Zr and cooling rates were then cast via vertical direct chill casting and extruded conventionally. Benefits of grain refinement of the billet on extrusion were found to be a slight increase in the size of the operating window, and a reduction of the grain size in the extrudate. However, the effect of the reduction in extrudate grain size due to refinement of the billet was small compared with the amount of grain refinement obtained due to recrystallisation on extrusion.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
M. Easton et al., "Effect of Solidification Grain Refinement on the Development of Wrought Mg Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 1729-1734, 2007