The purpose of this work is to influence of CaO concentrations of 5.0 wt.% and 10.0 wt.%, slurry feeding rate of 200~400 /min, rotating rate of drum of 5,000 and 10,000 rpm, inlet and outlet temperature on the synthesis of Ca(OH)2 powder, and the synthesis of precipitated calcium carbonate by carbonation process using Ca(OH)2 prepared by spray drying method. As the feeding rate of slurry was increased, the particle size of Ca(OH)2 was decreased. Regardless of rotating rate of drum, when the concentration of CaO was 5.0 wt.% and 10.0 wt.%, the morphology of Ca(OH)2 showed spherical shape of 10~30 μm and 20~60 μm, respectively. The specific surface area of synthesized Ca(OH)2 was 27~30 m2/g. When the initial reaction temperature was 11 °C and 30 °C, the shape and particle size of precipitated calcium carbonate synthesized in the carbonation process showed the rectangular shape of 0.1~0.4 μm and the spindle shape of 0.5~1.0 μm, respectively.