Grain Refinement and Deformation Behavior of Ultrafine Grained Pd and Pd-Ag Alloys Produced by HPT
Investigations of mechanical properties of nanocrystalline (nc) materials are still in interest of materials science, because they offer wide application as structural materials thanks to their outstanding mechanical properties. NC materials demonstrate superior hardness and strength as compared with their coarse grained counterparts, but very often they possess a limited ductility or show low uniform elongation due to poor strain hardening ability. Here, we present the results of investigation of the microstructure and mechanical properties of nc Pd and Pd-x%Ag (x=20, 60) alloys. The initially coarse grained Pd-x% Ag samples were processed by high pressure torsion, which resulted in formation of homogenous ultrafine grain structure. The increase of Ag contents led to the decrease of the resulted grain size and change in deformation behavior, because of decreasing of stacking fault energy (SFE). The samples with larger Ag contents demonstrated the higher values of hardness, yield stress and ultimate stress. Remarkably the uniform elongation had also increased with increase of strength.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
L. Kurmanaeva et al., "Grain Refinement and Deformation Behavior of Ultrafine Grained Pd and Pd-Ag Alloys Produced by HPT", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 182-187, 2008