The present study is an assessment of the effects of precipitation heat treatments on tensile behaviour, work hardening (WH) characteristics and microstructural evolution of an Al-4%Cu alloy deformed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP). Two ageing temperatures were employed (170 and 100oC) and their effect on strength and WH behaviour was compared with that exerted on the same alloy, but in two different initial conditions: quenched from solution temperature and slowly cooled before anneal. Grain and precipitate sizes of samples deformed by one and four ECAP passes and heat treated as described were measured employing transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was concluded that the lower ageing temperature gives the best combination of strength and ductility, a high WH rate and, possibly, the smaller grain and precipitate sizes. The relative participation of the various hardening mechanisms to total strength was estimated from tensile tests and hardness measurements.