Microstructure and Mechanical Properties Affecting Crack Growth Behaviour in AA6060 Produced by Equal-Channel Angular Extrusion
Crack growth in AA6060 after two and eight equal-channel angular extrusions (ECAE), showing a bimodal microstructure and a homogenous ultrafine-grained microstructure, respectively, are compared to the coarse grained counterpart. Furthermore, an optimized condition, obtained by combining one ECA-extrusion and a subsequent short aging treatment is included. Fatigue crack growth behaviour in the near-threshold regime and the region of stable crack growth is investigated and related to microstructural features such as grain size, grain size distribution, grain boundary characteristics and ductility. Micrographs of crack propagation surfaces reveal information on crack propagation features such as crack path deflection and give an insight to the underlying microstructure. Instrumented Charpy impact tests are performed to investigate crack initiation and propagation under impact conditions. Due to the recovery of ductility during the post-ECAE heat treatment, the optimized condition shows improved fatigue crack properties and higher energy consumption in Charpy impact tests, when compared to the as-processed conditions without heat treatment.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
L. W. Meyer et al., "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties Affecting Crack Growth Behaviour in AA6060 Produced by Equal-Channel Angular Extrusion", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 815-820, 2008