Commercial purity aluminium AA1050 and aluminium alloy AA6016 were accumulative roll bonded and subsequently friction stir welded. The microstructure of the conventional and ultrafine-grained materials produced by accumulative roll bonding is strongly affected by friction stir welding. The elongated ultrafine-grained microstructure of roll bonded sheets becomes coarser and equiaxed in the nugget region. Hydraulic bulge tests showed that higher burst pressure can be achieved for samples without friction stir welding than for the ones with friction stir welding. Localised deformation, crack initiation and propagation, as well as the final fracture occurred within the nugget. Friction stir welded AA1050 sheet showed similar achievable burst pressures and von Mises equivalent strains compared to the as-received conventionally grained sheets. On the other hand, significantly higher burst pressures and at the same time higher von Mises equivalent strains were observed for the friction stir welded ultrafine-grained material than for the friction stir welded conventionally grained material.