Corrosion Characteristics of an Ultrafine-Grained Al-Mg-Si Alloy (AA6082)
The corrosion behaviour of the aluminium alloy, AA6082, processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) after different passes (route E, room temperature) was studied in comparison to the coarse-grained counterpart. The results of the electrochemical investigations (cyclovoltammetry; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, EIS) are presented in correlation with the microstructure before and after the corrosion examinations. Both, chemical (precipitations, phases) and physical (dislocations, high-angle grain boundaries, grain size, low-angle grain boundaries) inhomogeneities characterize the microstructure of this commercially used Al-Mg-Si alloy. Results indicate an improved resistance against pitting of the ECAP material expressed by a reduced pitting density of up to 50 % and lower pit depths. EIS measurements and microstructural examinations (scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, 3D topography measurement) confirm that ECAP modifies the number, size and distribution of these inhomogeneities, which leads to a more favourable corrosion behaviour.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
B. Wielage et al., "Corrosion Characteristics of an Ultrafine-Grained Al-Mg-Si Alloy (AA6082)", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 988-993, 2008