FeCrAl Alloys Produced by Roll-Bonding and Annealing of Al(RE)-Clad Stainless Steel: How Addition of Hf and Zr Affects their Oxidation Behaviour
The process involving cold rolling and annealing of Al-steel-Al sandwiches allows to produce an alloy containing more than 7 wt.% of Al. Unfortunately many α-Al2O3 scales tend to spall during thermal cycling because of thermal expansion mismatch between the alloy and the scale. Small additions to the ferritic stainless steel of oxygen reactive elements are known to improve the adhesion of α-Al2O3 scales. In this work hafnium and zirconium were added to the aluminium foil before roll bonding and their behaviour during the diffusion bonding was evaluated. This novel doping method was proven to be effective in improving scale adhesion and alloy lifetime. Moreover it allows to overcome problems related to steel alloying with reactive elements and reduces the quantity of expensive reactive elements that needs to be added to the steel foil.
Marcello Cabibbo and Stefano Spigarelli
D. Pilone et al., "FeCrAl Alloys Produced by Roll-Bonding and Annealing of Al(RE)-Clad Stainless Steel: How Addition of Hf and Zr Affects their Oxidation Behaviour", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 604-605, pp. 133-137, 2009