The Nano-HA powder were synthesized by chemical precipitation with Ca(H2PO4)2•H2O and Ca (OH)2 and porous HA was prepared by sintering with magnesium as pore-creator. Nano-HA powder and porous HA were characterized by wide angle X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy(TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), SEM in combination with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The experimental results show that HA powder synthesized by chemical precipitation is nanometer powder. Magnesium was ideal pore-creator for preparation of porous materials. The grain size of porous HA was sub-micron and MgO which existed in the grain boundary of HA as a second phase particles that played the roles of inhibiting the HA grain growth.