Microstructure and Toughness Mechanism of Shank Bone
Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation was performed and showed that shank bone is a kind of bioceramic composite consisting of laminated hydroxyapatite and organic materials. The hydroxyapatite layers are parallel with the surface of the bone and consist of numerous thin and long hydroxyapatite sheet fibers. The hydroxyapatite sheet fibers in different hydroxyapatite make a little angle with each other and compose a kind of screwy microstructure. The maximum pullout force of the screwy microstructure was investigated and compared with that of parallel microstructure. It shows that the maximum pullout force of the screwy microstructure is markedly larger than that of the parallel microstructure, which was experimentally validated.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
B. Chen et al., "Microstructure and Toughness Mechanism of Shank Bone", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 1374-1377, 2009