Strain Rate Evolution in Aluminium Alloy Measured by ESPI during Tensile Test
The original and significant achievement of this work is to analyse strain rate field in aluminium alloy sheets during micro tensile test. In-plane Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry is used to follow the evolution of the local strain in real time. This paper is based on the detection of the localization on a relatively small area of the analysed specimen: less than 5mm × 4mm area. Moreover the speed of the tensile machine is very low, 0.2 to 0.1µm/s. The phase shifting technique is used to obtain the fringes representative of the material displacement. We can therefore get a very good accuracy in the material displacement. A heterogeneity in strain rate field can be noticed from a deformation stage which doesn’t coincide with the one calculated by the classic Considère’s criterion (dF=0) for the diffuse neck initiation (or plastic instability). We also show, the moment when one of the two slip bands systems becomes predominant, and even only one band continues to exist, this occurring widely before fracture. Finally, the fracture of the specimen occurs across this remaining band. The total strain is measured with a second camera, in white light, and is correlated together with the strain rate field to study the localization.
J. Petit et al., "Strain Rate Evolution in Aluminium Alloy Measured by ESPI during Tensile Test", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 614, pp. 155-162, 2009