Synthesis of Magnetite Nano-Particles and Powder Activated Carbon as a Novel Material for Water Treatment
The objective of this study is to develop a novel powder activated carbon (PAC) by surface modification with magnetite nano-particles for enhanced removal of NOM in water. The PAC used for experiment was two types, SAC (wood-based) and MAC (coal-based). First the PAC was treated by heat at 650 or 900 °C for 1hr under N2. And then the PAC surface was synthesized with magnetite nano-particles at the same condition. Adsorption tests of NOM were carried out to identify functional characteristics of the surface modified. Despite reduced surface area, adsorption capacity of the surface modified PAC was comparable to the virgin one. However much increased adsorption capacity was obtained by heat treatment of the PACs. SEC and SUVA254 results showed no specific selectivity in removal of NOM by the modification of PAC surface characteristics. Enhanced oxidation of the NOM was also observed by the magnetite nano-particle synthetic PACs in contact with ozone. Conclusively the surface modification of the PAC has high potential as a novel adsorption material for advanced water treatment.
Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee
G. T. Seo et al., "Synthesis of Magnetite Nano-Particles and Powder Activated Carbon as a Novel Material for Water Treatment", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 145-148, 2009