Annealing Effect on Martensitic Transformation and Magneto-Structural Properties of Ni-Mn-In Melt Spun Ribbons
We report the effect of a short-time vacuum annealing (1073 K during 10 minutes) on structural phase transition temperatures and magneto-structural properties of as-quenched ribbons of the Heusler alloy Ni50.6Mn34.5In14.9. This alloy crystallizes in a single phase cubic B2-type austenite with a Curie point of TCA=284 K that with the lowering in temperature transforms into a martensite with TCM185 K. The direct and reverse martensitic phase transition temperatures were MS=257 K, Mf = 221 K, AS = 239 K, and Af = 266 K. After annealing austenite shows the highly ordered L21-type structure while the average chemical composition as well as the structural and magnetic transition temperatures were shifted to Ni50.2Mn34.3In15.5 and MS = 253 K, Mf = 238 K, AS = 257 K, Af = 265 K, ΔT = 13 K, TCA = 299 K and TCM207 K. In the annealed samples the magnetization changes associated to the magnetic and structural transitions are more abrupt and magnetization isotherms in both the austenitic and martensitic existence region show higher initial magnetic susceptibility and faster approach to saturation. Field-cooled hysteresis loops at 10 K were shifted along the negative H-axis for both samples, but a significant anomaly was evident on the left side of the hysteresis loop for as-quenched ribbons.
V. A. Chernenko and J. M. Barandiaran
T. Sánchez et al., "Annealing Effect on Martensitic Transformation and Magneto-Structural Properties of Ni-Mn-In Melt Spun Ribbons", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 635, pp. 81-87, 2010